• Low socioeconomic conditions (as women in lower socioeconomic conditions are less likely to receive proper prenatal care)
• Having an infection in your reproductive system such as BV, UTIs
• Subchorionic haematoma (SCH)
• Sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea
• Previous preterm birth
• Vaginal bleeding
• Cigarette smoking during pregnancy
• Unknown causes
• An examination of the cervix (may show fluid leaking from the cervical opening)
• Testing of the pH (acid or alkaline) of the fluid
• Looking at the dried fluid under a microscope (may show a characteristic fern-like pattern)
• Ultrasound. A diagnostic imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs. Ultrasounds are used to view internal organs as they function, and to assess how much fluid is around the baby.
• Remain calm
• Don't think of the bad things that can happen, think positive thoughts only.
• Join PPROM support groups
. This will help you find strength.
• Drink lots of water daily. Some sources say your body weight in ounces!
• Go on COMPLETE BED REST. Only get up to go the bathroom! Know the risks of laying on bed rest and learn safe exercises to prevent blood clots
• Occupy you mind! This is possibly one of the most important. Find bed rest activities that keep you positive..
• Set small goals, then bigger goals. Celebrate making 24 hours, then each week, then important milestones in baby's development.
• Start planning ahead.
• Write a journal to ditch your anxiety and blues.
• Talk to your baby and rub your belly. This will help both of you!
• Be positive, be positive, be positive!
Seelbach-Goebel B. (2013). Antibiotic Therapy for Premature Rupture of Membranes and Preterm Labor and Effect on Fetal Outcome. Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde, 73(12), 1218–1227. doi:10.1055/s-0033-1360195 Source.
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. (2018). Premature Rupture of Membranes (PROM)/Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes (PPROM). Source
University of Rochester Medical Center. (2019). Health Encyclopedia: Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes (PPROM). Source.