• Prickling, tingling or burning after urination.
• Dryness, or flaky skin in the vaginal canal.
• Frequent pain during intercourse.
• Strong, fishy odor and discharge from the vagina.
• Skin irritation from excessive moisture or discharge.
• Pain/burning similar to UTIs (Urinary Tract Infections), but negative tests for UTI infection.
The presence of BV (imbalance of bacteria) is caused by afflicted gut health and fluctuating hormones. (Turovskiy, Noll & Chikindas, 2011)
FACTORS THAT INCREASE THE RISK OF BV
Any woman can get bacterial vaginosis (BV for short). If the delicate balance between good and bad bacteria levels are disrupted, you can get BV. There factors may increase the risk of BV because they disrupt the balance of VAGINAL pH: 1) Smoking, 2) Sexual Activity, 3) Douching, 4) Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a large contributor to BV because hormone levels change in a woman's body during pregnancy which may change pH balances.
15 SHOCKING FACTS ABOUT BV
BV is not contracted or contagious. BV occurs because the woman's body has trouble producing protective antibodies which keep natural bacteria under control. According to Health Research Funding (2012):
1.) The percentage of women who have been found to have BV, but had no reported symptoms: 84%.
2.) 18% of the women who get bacterial vaginosis every year have not had any oral, anal, or vaginal sex in their lifetime
3.) Minority women have a higher risk of developing BV. African American risks are twice that of Caucasian women of European descent.
4.) Having BV can increase a woman’s chance of getting an STD.
5.) Pregnant women with BV may deliver premature or low birth-weight babies.
6.) In the United States, as many as 16% of pregnant women have BV.
7.) It is the most common vaginal infection in women ages 15-44.
8.) It is not possible to get BV from a toilet seat, bedding, or touching objects that are around you. It is not an STD.
9.) BV is a leading cause of pelvic inflammatory disease, which can create an infection that can interfere with a woman’s reproductive system.
10.) The main symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are vaginal discharge and odor.
11.) Treatment options for bacterial vaginosis include oral antibiotics and vaginal gels.
12.) Recurrence of BV is possible, even after successful treatment. It is easier to have BV after an infection has occurred.
13.) BV can compromise genital immunity for STDs. The percentage of women who have an STD and also have BV: 60%.
14.) Studies have shown that approximately 29% of women in the U.S. are affected.
15.) Women with BV have a signifcantly higher risk of getting HIV from infected partners (ClinicalTrials.gov, 2017)